they have received a lot more attention (especially in europe and north america) since 9/11 and the increased number of spectacular terror attacks in the west. in recent years political factors in the form of political unrest (such as the arab spring) and terror attacks have had an increasing impact on tourism demand (cf. terror attacks like 9/11 for instance had a large transitory effect on the number of international tourists globally, not just in the usa and new york but other destinations as well. however, it is often a question of temporary downturns in demand or a change in travel patterns. an example of the latter is the decrease in demand for trips to north african countries (after the arabic spring) in favour of spain and other “safer” mediterranean destinations. another example of that is paris, where a decrease of 8.5% in the number of hotel nights during the six months that followed the terror attack in november 2015 was observed, at the same time as visits to spain and greece went up. closely related to terror attacks and war is how the political governance of specific countries is conducted. the country’s governance often influences in its turn the regulations regarding travel, such as visa and border entry regulations, but also the right to paid holidays.
the emergence of the latter is one of the biggest reasons for the growth of charter holidays and mass tourism. this simplification removes hinders getting in the way of international travel. a typical example is the deregulation of the airline market in europe in the 90s that generated ever cheaper flights, and the development of so called low cost carriers (including ryanair and norwegian) which makes it possible for more of us all the time to be tourists. destination and enterprise management for a tourism future. understanding and managing tourism impacts: an integrated approach. paris loses £644m as tourists steer clear of the city after terror attacks. the independent. the impact of crisis events and macroeconomic activity on taiwan’s international inbound tourism demand. a taxonomy of terror – about the effect of different kinds of terror on risk perceptions.
the tourism industry has been growing for decades, and shows no signs of stopping. political stability is a major factor in the success of tourist destinations. travelers are naturally curious to visit all corners of the world, and they can only really be swayed by the threat of danger. another political factor impacting the tourism industry across the world is that of tax incentives. this is clearly a positive factor for the tourism industry. with services like uber offering a reliable way for tourists to catch rides around the world, and airbnb offering a cheaper alternative to traditional travel accommodation (mainly hotels and hostels), the sharing economy is making travel more accessible, but hurting some of the industry’s corporate providers.
another positive sociocultural factor for the tourism industry is that of racial acceptance. one of the biggest technological factors influencing the tourism industry is the development of transport. perhaps the biggest environmental factor influencing the tourism industry is the pollution created by transportation mediums such as buses, trains, and — more so than others — airplanes. whether it’s discarding of bottles in the countryside or using regular shampoo in lakes, this is an unfortunate side effect of the tourism industry. there are a number of positive factors impacting the tourism industry. unfortunately, tourism has a negative impact on the environment on both local and global scales.
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(2007) political factor is mainly concerned with governments and political participation. the methods adopt the government use can greatly affect tourism demand. for examples, exchange control, currency export prohibition, taxation of tourists and residents and visa regulation (page s.j. and cornell j., 2009). as a general observation, tourism is a fairly fragile industry, vulnerable to all different kinds of external impacts, including political tourism is vulnerable to exogenous factors; these factors can disrupt the tourism industry, lead to the decline in by the industry of particularly politically troubled nations, how tourism can be moulded by the political purpose, and the impact political instability has, legal factors affecting tourism industry, political factors affecting tourism in the uk, macro environment analysis for tourism industry, technological factors affecting tourism industry, environmental factors affecting tourism, issues affecting tourism industry, social factors in travel and tourism, pestle analysis for tourism industry, politics of tourism, what are the factors influencing the growth of tourism. what are the political factors? what factors affect the tourism industry? how does political stability affect tourism? how does politics affect the hospitality industry?
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